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Trivy supports three types of Java scanning: JAR/WAR/PAR/EAR, pom.xml and *gradle.lockfile files. The following table provides an outline of the features Trivy offers.

Artifact Internet access Dev dependencies
JAR/WAR/PAR/EAR Trivy Java DB Include
pom.xml Maven repository 1 Exclude
*gradle.lockfile - Exclude

These may be enabled or disabled depending on the target. See here for the detail.


To find information about your JAR2 file, Trivy parses and MANIFEST.MF files in your JAR2 file and takes required properties3.

If those files don't exist or don't contain enough information - Trivy will try to find this JAR2 file in trivy-java-db. The Java DB will be automatically downloaded/updated when any JAR2 file is found. It is stored in the cache directory.


Finding JARs in trivy-java-db is an experimental function.

Base JAR2 may contain inner JARs2 within itself. To find information about these JARs2, the same logic is used as for the base JAR2.

table format only contains the name of root JAR2 . To get the full path to inner JARs2 use the json format.


Trivy parses your pom.xml file and tries to find files with dependencies from these local locations.

  • project directory4
  • relativePath field5
  • local repository directory6.

If your machine doesn't have the necessary files - Trivy tries to find the information about these dependencies in the maven repository.


Trivy only takes information about packages. We don't take a list of vulnerabilities for packages from the maven repository. Information about data sources for Java you can see here.

You can disable connecting to the maven repository with the --offline-scan flag. The --offline-scan flag does not affect the Trivy database. The vulnerability database will be downloaded anyway.


Trivy may skip some dependencies (that were not found on your local machine) when the --offline-scan flag is passed.


gradle.lock files contain all necessary information about used dependencies. Trivy simply parses the file, extract dependencies, and finds vulnerabilities for them. It doesn't require the internet access.

  1. Uses maven repository to get information about dependencies. Internet access required. 

  2. It means *.jar, *.war, *.par and *.ear file 

  3. ArtifactID, GroupID and Version 

  4. e.g. when parent pom.xml file has ../pom.xml path 

  5. When you use dependency path in relativePath field in pom.xml file 

  6. /Users/<username>/.m2/repository (for Linux and Mac) and C:/Users/<username>/.m2/repository (for Windows) by default