Trivy provides a plugin feature to allow others to extend the Trivy CLI without the need to change the Trivycode base. This plugin system was inspired by the plugin system used in kubectl, Helm, and Conftest.
Trivy plugins are add-on tools that integrate seamlessly with Trivy. They provide a way to extend the core feature set of Trivy, but without requiring every new feature to be written in Go and added to the core tool.
- They can be added and removed from a Trivy installation without impacting the core Trivy tool.
- They can be written in any programming language.
- They integrate with Trivy, and will show up in Trivy help and subcommands.
Trivy plugins available in public are not audited for security. You should install and run third-party plugins at your own risk, since they are arbitrary programs running on your machine.
Installing a Plugin
A plugin can be installed using the
trivy plugin install command.
This command takes a url and will download the plugin and install it in the plugin cache.
Trivy adheres to the XDG specification, so the location depends on whether XDG_DATA_HOME is set. Trivy will now search XDG_DATA_HOME for the location of the Trivy plugins cache. The preference order is as follows:
- XDG_DATA_HOME if set and .trivy/plugins exists within the XDG_DATA_HOME dir
Under the hood Trivy leverages go-getter to download plugins. This means the following protocols are supported for downloading plugins:
- OCI Registries
- Local Files
- Amazon S3
- Google Cloud Storage
For example, to download the Kubernetes Trivy plugin you can execute the following command:
$ trivy plugin install github.com/aquasecurity/trivy-plugin-kubectl
$ trivy plugin install myplugin.tar.gz
Once the plugin is installed, Trivy will load all available plugins in the cache on the start of the next Trivy execution.
A plugin will be made in the Trivy CLI based on the plugin name.
To display all plugins, you can list them by
$ trivy --help NAME: trivy - A simple and comprehensive vulnerability scanner for containers USAGE: trivy [global options] command [command options] target VERSION: dev COMMANDS: image, i scan an image filesystem, fs scan local filesystem repository, repo scan remote repository client, c client mode server, s server mode plugin, p manage plugins kubectl scan kubectl resources help, h Shows a list of commands or help for one command
As shown above,
kubectl subcommand exists in the
To call the kubectl plugin and scan existing Kubernetes deployments, you can execute the following command:
$ trivy kubectl deployment <deployment-id> -- --ignore-unfixed --severity CRITICAL
Internally the kubectl plugin calls the kubectl binary to fetch information about that deployment and passes the using images to Trivy. You can see the detail here.
If you want to omit even the subcommand, you can use
TRIVY_RUN_AS_PLUGIN environment variable.
$ TRIVY_RUN_AS_PLUGIN=kubectl trivy job your-job -- --format json
Installing and Running Plugins on the fly
trivy plugin run installs a plugin and runs it on the fly.
If the plugin is already present in the cache, the installation is skipped.
trivy plugin run github.com/aquasecurity/trivy-plugin-kubectl pod your-pod -- --exit-code 1
Specify a plugin name with
trivy plugin uninstall command.
$ trivy plugin uninstall kubectl
Each plugin has a top-level directory, and then a plugin.yaml file.
your-plugin/ | |- plugin.yaml |- your-plugin.sh
In the example above, the plugin is contained inside of a directory named
It has two files: plugin.yaml (required) and an executable script, your-plugin.sh (optional).
The core of a plugin is a simple YAML file named plugin.yaml. Here is an example YAML of trivy-plugin-kubectl plugin that adds support for Kubernetes scanning.
name: "kubectl" repository: github.com/aquasecurity/trivy-plugin-kubectl version: "0.1.0" usage: scan kubectl resources description: |- A Trivy plugin that scans the images of a kubernetes resource. Usage: trivy kubectl TYPE[.VERSION][.GROUP] NAME platforms: - selector: # optional os: darwin arch: amd64 uri: ./trivy-kubectl # where the execution file is (local file, http, git, etc.) bin: ./trivy-kubectl # path to the execution file - selector: # optional os: linux arch: amd64 uri: https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy-plugin-kubectl/releases/download/v0.1.0/trivy-kubectl.tar.gz bin: ./trivy-kubectl
plugin.yaml field should contain the following information:
- name: The name of the plugin. This also determines how the plugin will be made available in the Trivy CLI. For example, if the plugin is named kubectl, you can call the plugin with
trivy kubectl. (required)
- version: The version of the plugin. (required)
- usage: A short usage description. (required)
- description: A long description of the plugin. This is where you could provide a helpful documentation of your plugin. (required)
- platforms: (required)
- selector: The OS/Architecture specific variations of a execution file. (optional)
- os: OS information based on GOOS (linux, darwin, etc.) (optional)
- arch: The architecture information based on GOARCH (amd64, arm64, etc.) (optional)
- uri: Where the executable file is. Relative path from the root directory of the plugin or remote URL such as HTTP and S3. (required)
- bin: Which file to call when the plugin is executed. Relative path from the root directory of the plugin. (required)
The following rules will apply in deciding which platform to select:
- If both
selectormatch the current platform, search will stop and the platform will be used.
selectoris not present, the platform will be used.
osmatches and there is no more specific
archmatch, the platform will be used.
- If no
platformmatch is found, Trivy will exit with an error.
After determining platform, Trivy will download the execution file from
uri and store it in the plugin cache.
When the plugin is called via Trivy CLI,
bin command will be executed.
The plugin is responsible for handling flags and arguments. Any arguments are passed to the plugin from the
A plugin should be archived
$ tar -czvf myplugin.tar.gz plugin.yaml script.py plugin.yaml script.py $ trivy plugin install myplugin.tar.gz 2023-03-03T19:04:42.026+0600 INFO Installing the plugin from myplugin.tar.gz... 2023-03-03T19:04:42.026+0600 INFO Loading the plugin metadata... $ trivy myplugin Hello from Trivy demo plugin!